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Titel
The impact of Covid-19 on the U.S. child care market : evidence from stay-at-home orders / Umair Ali (Arizona State University), Chris M. Herbst (Arizona State University and IZA), Christos A. Makridis (W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University and MIT) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserAli, Umair ; Herbst, Chris M. ; Makridis, Christos A.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, May 2020
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (27 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 13261
URLVolltext
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-836601 
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 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
The impact of Covid-19 on the U.S. child care market [0.53 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

Stay-at-home orders (SAHOs) have been implemented in most U.S. states to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. This paper quantifies the short-run impact of these containment policies on the supply of and demand for child care. The child care market may be particularly vulnerable to a SAHO-type policy shock, given that many providers are liquidity- constrained. Using plausibly exogenous variation from the staggered adoption of SAHOs across states, we find that online job postings for early care and education teachers declined by 13% after enactment. This effect is driven exclusively by private-sector services. Indeed, hiring by public programs like Head Start and pre-kindergarten has not been influenced by SAHOs. In addition, we find little evidence that child care search behavior among households has been altered. Because forced supply-side changes appear to be at play, our results suggest that households may not be well-equipped to insure against the rapid transition to the production of child care. We discuss the implications of these results for child development and parental employment decisions.

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