Titelaufnahme

Titel
On the effects of Covid-19 safer-at-home policies on social distancing, car crashes and pollution / Abel Brodeur (University of Ottawa and IZA), Nikolai Cook (University of Ottawa), Taylor Wright (University of Ottawa) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBrodeur, Abel ; Cook, Nikolai ; Wright, Taylor
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, May 2020
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (48 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 13255
URLVolltext
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-834377 
Zugänglichkeit
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
On the effects of Covid-19 safer-at-home policies on social distancing, car crashes and pollution [1.71 mb]
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Nachweis
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung

In response to COVID-19, dramatic safer-at-home policies were implemented. The understanding of their impacts on social distancing, travel and pollution is in its infancy. We pair a differences-in-differences framework and synthetic control methods with rich cellular tracking and high frequency air pollution data. We find that state and U.S. county safer-at- home policies are successful in encouraging social distance; beginning the day of the policy trips outside the home are sharply decreased while time in residence rises sharply. With less vehicle traffic, we find: a 50% reduction in vehicular collisions; an approximately 25% reduction in Particulate Matter (PM2.5) concentrations; and a reduction of the incidence of county-days with an air quality index of code yellow or above by two-thirds. We calculate that the benefits from avoided car collisions could range from $7 billion to $24 billion while the benefits from reduced pollution could range from $650 million to $13.8 billion.