The gender gap in informal child care : theory and some evidence from Italy / Francesca Barigozzi (University of Bologna), Helmuth Cremer (Toulouse School of Economics, University of Toulouse Capitole and IZA), Chiara Monfardini (University of Bologna, IZA and CHILD-CCA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBarigozzi, Francesca ; Cremer, Helmuth ; Monfardini, Chiara
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, June 2019
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12403
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
The gender gap in informal child care [0.26 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Our model studies couples. time allocation and career choices, which are a$ected by a social norm on gender roles in the family. Parents can provide two types of informal child care: basic care (feeding, changing children, baby-sitting) and quality care (activities that stimulate children.s social and cognitive skills). We obtain the following main results. Traditional mothers provide some informal basic care, whereas career mothers purchase full time formal basic care in the market. Informal basic care is too large and the group of career mothers is too small because of the social norm. Informal quality care is increasing in the couple.s income and is provided in larger amount by mothers. We test the model.s predictions for Italy using the most recent ISTAT “Use of Time” survey. In line with the model, mothers devote more time than fathers to both basic and quality informal care; more educated parents devote more time to quality informal care than less educated parents; more educated mothers spend more time in the labor market than less educated mothers.