The impact of car pollution on infant and child health : evidence from emissions cheating / Diane Alexander (Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and IZA), Hannes Schwandt (Northwestern University, SIEPR and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserAlexander, Diane ; Schwandt, Hannes
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, June 2019
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (79 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12427
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
The impact of car pollution on infant and child health [1.55 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Car exhaust is a major source of air pollution, but little is known about its impacts on population health. We exploit the dispersion of emissions-cheating diesel cars - which secretly polluted up to 150 times as much as gasoline cars - across the United States from 2008-2015 as a natural experiment to measure the health impact of car pollution. Using the universe of vehicle registrations, we demonstrate that a 10 percent cheating-induced increase in car exhaust increases rates of low birth weight and acute asthma attacks among children by 1.9 and 8.0 percent, respectively. These health impacts occur at all pollution levels and across the entire socioeconomic spectrum.