Discrimination in hiring based on potential and realized fertility : evidence from a large-scale field experiment / Sascha O. Becker (University of Warwick and IZA), Ana Fernandes (BFH Berne), Doris Weichselbaumer (Johannes Kepler University Linz and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBecker, Sascha O. ; Fernandes, Ana ; Weichselbaumer, Doris
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2019
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (35 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12308
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Discrimination in hiring based on potential and realized fertility [0.66 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Due to conventional gender norms, women are more likely to be in charge of childcare than men. From an employers perspective, in their fertile age they are also at “risk” of pregnancy. Both factors potentially affect hiring practices of firms. We conduct a largescale correspondence test in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria, sending out approx. 9,000 job applications, varying job candidates personal characteristics such as marital status and age of children. We find evidence that, for part-time jobs, married women with older kids, who likely finished their childbearing cycle and have more projectable childcare chores than women with very young kids, are at a significant advantage vis-avis other groups of women. At the same time, married, but childless applicants, who have a higher likelihood to become pregnant, are at a disadvantage compared to single, but childless applicants to part-time jobs. Such effects are not present for full-time jobs, presumably, because by applying to these in contrast to part-time jobs, women signal that they have arranged for external childcare.