Economic opportunities and gender equity : the migration and education decisions of young women from rural China / Chunbing Xing (Beijing Normal University and IZA), Yan Sun (Beijing Normal University) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserXing, Chunbing ; Sun, Yan
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2019
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource 48 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12311
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Economic opportunities and gender equity [0.86 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

We study how the migration decision of young women in rural China is shaped by the return arrangement and opportunities of college education. Women outnumbered men in young rural-urban migrants in the early 2000s, but the surplus of young women has recently disappeared. We propose that the temporary nature of migration and an earlier return time relative to men are the major reasons that women migrate at a younger age. When higher education expansion increased womens chance of permanent migration, women stayed in school longer. Empirical evidence is consistent with this hypothesis. Marriage motives and demand factors are also considered.