From Ghana to America : the skill content of jobs and economic development / Salvatore Lo Bello (Bank of Italy), Maria Laura Sanchez Puerta (World Bank and IZA), Hernan Winkler (World Bank) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBello, Salvatore Lo ; Sánchez Puerta, Maria Laura ; Winkler, Hernan
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, March 2019
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (42 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12259
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
From Ghana to America [0.94 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

There is a growing body of literature exploring the skill content of jobs. This paper contributes to this research by using data on the task content of occupations in developing countries, instead of U.S. data, as most existing studies do. The paper finds that indexes based on U.S. data do not provide a fair approximation of the levels, changes, and drivers of the routine cognitive and nonroutine manual skill content of jobs in developing countries. The paper also uncovers three new stylized facts. First, while developed countries tend to have jobs more intensive in nonroutine cognitive skills than developing countries, income (in growth and levels) is not associated with the skill content of jobs once the analysis accounts for other factors. Second, although adoption of information and communications technology is linked to job de-routinization, international trade is an offsetting force. Last, adoption of information and communications technology is correlated with lower employment growth in countries with a high share of occupations that are intensive in routine tasks.