Titelaufnahme

Titel
Institutions, attitudes and LGBT : evidence from the gold rush / Abel Brodeur (University of Ottawa and IZA), Joanne Haddad (University of Ottawa) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBrodeur, Abel ; Haddad, Joanne
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, November 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (72 Seiten) : Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11957
URLVolltext
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-172542 
Zugänglichkeit
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Institutions, attitudes and LGBT [5.36 mb]
Links
Nachweis
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

This paper analyzes the determinants behind the spatial distribution of the LGBT population in the U.S. We relate the size of the present-day LGBT population to the discovery of gold mines during the 19th century gold rushes. Comparing the surroundings of these gold mines to other current and former mining counties, we find that there are currently 10-15% more same-sex couples in counties in which gold discoveries were made during the gold rushes. We also provide empirical evidence that residents of gold rush counties still have more favorable attitudes toward homosexuality nowadays. Our findings are consistent with two mechanisms. First, gold rushes led to a large (temporary) increase in the male-to-female ratio. Second, we show that gold rush counties were less likely to house a notable place of worship at the time of the discovery (and in the following decades) and are currently less religious, suggesting a role of institutions in shaping attitudes and norms.