We examine patterns of labor market integration across immigrant groups. The study draws on Norwegian longitudinal administrative data covering labor earnings and social insurance claims over a 25-year period and presents a comprehensive picture of immigrantnative employment and social insurance differentials by admission class and by years since entry. For refugees and family immigrants from lowincome source countries, we uncover encouraging signs of labor market integration during an initial period upon admission, but after just 5-10 years, the integration process goes into reverse with widening immigrantnative employment differentials and rising rates of immigrant social insurance dependency. Yet, the analysis reveals substantial heterogeneity within admission class and points to an important role of hostcountry schooling for successful immigrant labor market integration.
Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.