Escaping from hunger before WW1: nutrition and living standards in Western Europe and USA in the late nineteenth century / Ian Gazeley (University of Sussex), Rose Holmes (University of Sussex), Andrew Newell (University of Sussex and IZA), Kevin Reynolds (University of Sussex), Hector Gutierrez Rufrancos (University of Sussex) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics. Bonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, September 2017