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Escaping from hunger before WW1: nutrition and living standards in Western Europe and USA in the late nineteenth century / Ian Gazeley (University of Sussex), Rose Holmes (University of Sussex), Andrew Newell (University of Sussex and IZA), Kevin Reynolds (University of Sussex), Hector Gutierrez Rufrancos (University of Sussex) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserGazeley, Ian In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Ian Gazeley ; Holmes, Rose In Wikipedia suchen nach Rose Holmes ; Newell, Andrew In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Andrew Newell ; Reynolds, Kevin In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Kevin Reynolds ; Gutierrez Rufrancos, Hector In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Hector Gutierrez Rufrancos
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, September 2017
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Umfang1 Online-Ressource (52 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11037
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-139455 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Escaping from hunger before WW1: nutrition and living standards in Western Europe and USA in the late nineteenth century [0.74 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

We estimate calories available to workers' households in the USA, Belgium, Britain, France and Germany in 1890/1. We employ data from the United States Commissioner of Labor survey (see Haines, 1979) of workers in key export industries. We estimate that households in the USA, on average, had about five hundred daily calories per equivalent adult more than their French and German counterparts, with Belgian and British workers closer to the USA levels. We ask if that energy bonus gave the US workers more energy for work, and we conclude that, if stature is taken into account, workers in the US and UK probably had roughly the same level energy available for work, whereas the German and French workers most likely had significantly less. Finally we ask economic migration leads to taller children. To answer that we estimate the influence of children on calorie availability among ethnically British workers in the USA and, separately, among British workers in Britain. We find that US-based British households are at least as generous in terms of the provision of calories to their children as their Britain-based counterparts. Other things equal, this means that US-based British children would grow taller.