Titelaufnahme

Titel
The long-run impacts of adolescent drinking : evidence from zero tolerance laws / Tatiana Abboud (Université de Montréal), Andriana Bellou (Université de Montréal and IZA), Joshua Lewis (Université de Montréal) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserAbboud, Tatiana ; Bellou, Andriana ; Lewis, Joshua
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, December 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (34 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12833
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-208270 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
The long-run impacts of adolescent drinking [0.29 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

This paper provides the first long-run assessment of adolescent binge drinking on later-life health and labor market outcomes. Our analysis exploits cross-state variation in the rollout of "Zero Tolerance" (ZT) Laws, which set strict alcohol limits for drivers under age 21 and led to sharp reductions in youth binge drinking. We adopt a difference-in-differences approach that combines information on state and year of birth to identify individuals exposed to the laws during adolescence and tracks the evolving impacts into middle age. We find that ZT Laws led to significant improvements in later-life health. Individuals exposed to the laws during adolescence were substantially less likely to suffer from cognitive and physical limitations in their 40s. The health effects are mirrored by improved labor market outcomes. These patterns cannot be attributed to changes in educational attainment or marriage. Instead, we find that affected cohorts were substantially less likely to drink heavily by middle age, suggesting an important role for adolescent initiation and habit-formation in affecting long-term substance use.