Climate change, migration and voice : an explanation for the immobility paradox / Michel Beine (CREA, University of Luxemburg, CESifo and IZA), Ilan Noy (Victoria University of Wellington), Christopher Parsons (University of Western Australia) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBeine, Michel ; Noy, Ilan ; Parsons, Christopher R.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, September 2019
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (39 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12640
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Climate change, migration and voice [1.21 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek

This paper sheds light on the apparent paradox, wherein populations adversely affected by climatic conditions fail to migrate as much as would otherwise be expected. Drawing on Hirschmans treatise on Exit, Voice and Loyalty, we develop a simple model, which highlights the theoretical case for a substitution effect between voicing and emigration. We subsequently provide causal evidence of voicing representing a new mechanism through which countries adapt to climate change, implementing wage differentials and changes in visa policies at destination as instruments. More intense voicing, as captured by greater numbers of press reports, is associated with lower emigration rates. This substitution effect holds for both internal and international voicing. Our results suggest that restrictions on mobility could result in increasing voicing, both within and between countries.