Titelaufnahme

Titel
Labor demand shocks at birth and cognitive achievement during childhood / Krishna Regmi (Montana State University), Daniel J. Henderson (University of Alabama and IZA)
VerfasserRegmi, Krishna ; Henderson, Daniel J.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, July 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (60 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12521
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-197176 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Labor demand shocks at birth and cognitive achievement during childhood [0.41 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

As epidemiological studies have shown that conditions during gestation and early childhood affect adult health outcomes, we examine the effect of local labor market conditions in the year of birth on cognitive development in childhood. To address the endogeneity of labor market conditions, we construct gender-specific predicted employment growth rates at the state level by interacting an industrys share in a states employment with the industrys national growth rate. We find that an increase in employment opportunities for men leads to an improvement in childrens cognitive achievement as measured by reading and math test scores. Additionally, our estimates show a positive and significant effect of malespecific employment growth on childrens Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test scores and in home environment in the year of birth. We find an insignificant positive effect of buoyancy in females employment opportunities on said test scores.