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Titel
Stalin and the origins of mistrust / Milena Nikolova (University of Groningen, The Brookings Institution and IZA), Olga Popova (IOS, CERGE-EI and Ural Federal University), Vladimir Otrachshenko (NovaSBE, IOS and Ural Federal University) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserNikolova, Milena ; Popova, Olga ; Otrachshenko, Vladimir
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (42 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12326
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-190841 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
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Stalin and the origins of mistrust [0.64 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

We show that current differences in trust levels within former Soviet Union countries can be traced back to the system of forced prison labor during Stalin's rule, which was marked by high incarceration rates, repression, and harsh punishments. We argue that those exposed to forced labor camps (gulags) became less trusting and transferred this social norm to their descendants. Combining contemporary individual-level survey data with historical information on the location of forced labor camps, we find that individuals who live near former gulags have low levels of social and institutional trust. Our results are robust to a battery of sensitivity checks, which suggests that the relationship we document is causal. We outline several causal mechanisms and test whether the social norm of mistrust near gulags developed because of political repression or due to fear that inmates bring criminality. As such, we provide novel evidence on the channels through which history matters for current socio-economic outcomes today.