Titelaufnahme

Titel
Is an army of robots marching on Chinese jobs? / Osea Giuntella (University of Pittsburgh and IZA), Tianyi Wang (University of Pittsburgh) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserGiuntella, Osea ; Wang, Tianyi
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (56 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12281
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-187489 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Is an army of robots marching on Chinese jobs? [3.19 mb]
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Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

A handful of studies have investigated the effects of robots on workers in advanced economies. According to a recent report from the World Bank (2016), 1.8 billion jobs in developing countries are susceptible to automation. Given the inability of labor markets to adjust to rapid changes, there is a growing concern that the effect of automation and robotization in emerging economies may increase inequality and social unrest. Yet, we still know very little about the impact of robots in developing countries. In this paper we analyze the effects of exposure to industrial robots in the Chinese labor market. Using aggregate data from Chinese prefectural cities (2000-2016) and individual longitudinal data from the China Family Panel Study (2010-2016), we find a large negative impact of robot exposure on employment and wages of Chinese workers. Effects are concentrated in the state-owned sector and are larger among low-skilled, male, and prime-age and older workers. Furthermore, we find evidence that exposure to robots affected internal mobility and increased the number of labor-related strikes and protests.