Networks, start-up capital and women's entrepreneurial performance in Africa : evidence from Eswatini / Zuzana Brixiová (Technical University of Ostrava, University of Cape Town and IZA), Thierry Kangoye (African Development Bank) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBrixiova, Zuzana ; Kangoye, Thierry
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, March 2019
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (17 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12198
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Networks, start-up capital and women's entrepreneurial performance in Africa [0.44 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

This paper analyzes the role of networks in access of women entrepreneurs to start-up capital and firm performance in Eswatini, a country with one of the highest female unemployment rates in Africa. The paper first shows that higher initial capital is associated with better sales performance for both men and women entrepreneurs. Women entrepreneurs start their firms with smaller start-up capital than men and are more likely to fund it from their own sources, which reduces the size of their firm and sales level. However, women with higher education start their firms with more capital than their less educated counterparts. Moreover, women who receive support from professional networks have higher initial capital, while those trained in financial literacy more often access external funding sources, including through their networks.