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Titel
Do parents work more when children start school? : evidence from the Netherlands / Lisette Swart (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis), Wiljan van den Berge (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis and Erasmus University Roterdam), Karen van der Wiel (CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserSwart, Lisette ; Berge, Wiljan van den ; Wiel, Karen van der
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, March 2019
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Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (36 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12207
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-184404 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
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Do parents work more when children start school? [0.58 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

When children start school, parents save time and/or money. In this paper, we empirically examine the impact of these changes to the family's budget constraint on parents' working hours. Labor supply is theoretically expected to increase for parents who used to spend time taking care of their children, but to decrease for fulltime working parents because of an income effect: child care expenses drop. We show that the effect of additional time dominates the income effect in the Netherlands, where children start school (kindergarten) for approximately 20 hours a week in the month that they turn 4. Using detailed administrative data on all parents, we find that the average mother's hours worked increases by 3% when her youngest child starts going to school. For their partners, who experience a much smaller shock in terms of time, the increase in hours worked is also much smaller at 0.4%.