Titelaufnahme

Titel
Measuring the spatial misallocation of labor: the returns to India-Gulf guest work in a natural experiment / Michael A. Clemens (Center for Global Development and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserClemens, Michael A.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, January 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (41, A-6 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12095
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-179788 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Measuring the spatial misallocation of labor: the returns to India-Gulf guest work in a natural experiment [0.67 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

'Guest workers' earn higher wages overseas on temporary low-skill employment visas. This wage effect can quantify global inefficiencies in the pure spatial allocation of labor between poorer and richer countries. But rigorous estimates are rare, complicated by migrant selfselection. This paper tests the effects of guest work on Indian applicants to a construction job in the United Arab Emirates, where a crisis exogenously influenced job placement. Guest work raised the return to labor by a factor of four, implying large spatial inefficiency. Short-term effects on households were modest. Effects on information, debt, and later migration were incompatible with systematic fraud.