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Titel
Learning from the "best": the impact of tax-benefit systems in Africa / Olivier Bargain (Bordeaux University, Institut Universitaire de France and IZA), H. Xavier Jara (ISER and University of Essex), Pruddence Kwenda (Wits University, Johannesburg), Miracle Ntuili (Wits University, Johannesburg) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBargain, Olivier ; Jara, H. Xavier ; Kwenda-Magejo, Prudence ; Ntuili, Miracle
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, December 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (31 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12017
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-175089 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Learning from the "best": the impact of tax-benefit systems in Africa [3.41 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Redistributive systems in Africa are still in their infancy but are constantly expanding in order to finance increasing public spending. This paper aims at characterizing the redistributive potential of six African countries: Ghana, Zambia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Ethiopia and South Africa. These countries show contrasted situations in terms of income distribution. We assess the role of tax-benefit systems to explain these differences. Using newly developed tax-benefit microsimulations for all six countries, we produce counterfactual simulations whereby the system of the most (least) redistributive country is applied to the population of all other countries. In this way, we can decompose the total country difference in income distribution between the contribution of tax-benefit policies versus the contribution of other factors (market income distributions, demographics, etc.). This analysis contributes to the recent literature on the redistributive role of socio-fiscal policies in developing countries and highlights the role of microsimulation techniques to characterize how different African countries can learn from each other to improve social protection and reduce inequality.