On the origin and composition of the German East-West population gap / Christoph Eder (Johannes Kepler University Linz), Martin Halla (Johannes Kepler University Linz, CD-Lab Aging, Health, and the Labor Market, IZA and Austrian Public Health Institute) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserEder, Christoph ; Halla, Martin
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, December 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (32, A2 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12031
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
On the origin and composition of the German East-West population gap [1.71 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

The East-West gap in the German population is believed to originate from migrants escaping the socialist regime in the German Democratic Republic (GDR). We use newly collected regional data and the combination of a regression discontinuity design in space with a difference-in-differences approach to document that the largest part of this gap is due to a massive internal migration wave 3 years prior to the establishment of the GDR. The timing and spatial pattern of this migration movement suggest that the dominant motive was escaping physical assault by the Soviet army and not avoiding the socialist regime. The skill composition of these migrants shows a strong positive selection. The gap in population has remained remarkably sharp in space and is growing.