Violence and remale labor supply / Zahra Siddique (University of Bristol and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserSiddique, Zahra
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, October 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (36 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11874
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Violence and remale labor supply [0.51 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

This paper explores whether fear and safety concerns have an impact on behavior such as female labor supply in a developing country context. The effect of media reported physical and sexual assaults on urban women's labor force participation in India is investigated by combining nationally representative cross-sectional microeconomic surveys carried out between 2009 and 2012 with a novel geographically referenced data source on media reports of assaults. I find that a increase in lagged sexual assault reports within ones own district reduces the probability that a woman is employed outside her home by 0.44 percentage points (or 3.6% of the sample average). I find this effect despite ruling out several sources of unobserved heterogeneity. This effect is also robust to a number of sensitivity checks. Consistent with a model in which women make investments to overcome fear in the presence of economic incentives, I find that the effect of local violence on labor supply is weaker among women from poorer households. I also find this effect to be weaker among high caste Hindu women, but strong among Muslim women.