The growing American health penalty : international trends in the employment of older workers with poor health / Ben Baumberg Geiger (University of Kent), René Böheim (WU Vienna University of Business and Economics, Austrian Institute of Economic Research, CESifo, JKU Linz and IZA), Thomas Leoni (Austrian Institute of Economic Research) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBaumberg Geiger, Ben ; Böheim, René ; Leoni, Thomas
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, August 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (66 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11769
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
The growing American health penalty [0.77 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Many countries have reduced the generosity of disability benefits while making them more activating - yet few studies have examined how employment rates have subsequently changed. We present estimates of how the employment rates of older workers with poor health in 13 high-income countries changed between 2004-7 and 2012-15 using HRS/ SHARE/ELSA data. We find that those in poor health in the USA have experienced a unique deterioration: they have not only seen a widening gap to the employment rates of those with good health, but their employment rates fell per se. We find only for Sweden (and possibly England) signs that the health employment gap shrank. We then examine possible explanations for the development in the USA: we find no evidence it links to labour market trends, but possible links to the USAs lack of disability benefit reform - which should be considered alongside the wider challenges of our findings for policymakers.