Titelaufnahme

Titel
Choking under pressure : evidence of the causal effect of audience size on performance / René Böheim (Vienna University of Economics and Business, WIFO, IZA and CESifo), Dominik Grübl (Johannes Kepler University Linz), Mario Lackner (Johannes Kepler University Linz and CD Lab) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBöheim, René ; Grübl, Dominik ; Lackner, Mario
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, August 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (29 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11761
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-164916 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Choking under pressure [2.41 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

We analyze performance under pressure and estimate the causal effect of audience size on the success of free throws in top-level professional basketball. We use data from the National Basketball Association (NBA) for the seasons 2007/08 through 2015/16. We exploit the exogenous variation in weather conditions on game day to establish a causal link between attendance size and performance. Our results confirm a sizeable and strong negative effect of the number of spectators on performance. Home teams in (non-critical) situations at the beginning of games perform worse when the audience is larger. This result is consistent with the theory of a home choke rather than a home field advantage. Our results have potentially large implications for general questions of workplace design and help to further understand how the social environment affects performance. We demonstrate that the amount of support, i.e. positive feedback, from a friendly audience does affect performance.