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Titel
Do laws shape attitudes? Evidence from same-sex relationship recognition policies in Europe / Cevat G. Aksoy (EBRD, London School of Economics and IZA), Christopher S. Carpenter (Vanderbilt University, NBER and IZA), Ralph de Haas (EBRD and Tilburg University), Kevin Tran (DIW Berlin) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserAksoy, Cevat Giray ; Carpenter, Christopher ; Haas, Ralph de ; Tran, Kevin
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, August 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (31 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11743
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-164208 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
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Do laws shape attitudes? Evidence from same-sex relationship recognition policies in Europe [0.29 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

Understanding whether laws shape or simply reflect citizens' attitudes is important but empirically difficult. We provide new evidence on this question by studying the relationship between legal same-sex relationship recognition policies (SSRRPs) and attitudes toward sexual minorities in Europe. Using data from the European Social Surveys covering 2002- 2016 and exploiting variation in the timing of SSRRPs across countries, we show that legal relationship recognition is associated with statistically significant improvements in attitudes toward sexual minorities. These effects are widespread across demographic groups, emerge only after the policies are adopted, and are not observed for views on other social issues. Our results suggest that laws can exert a powerful influence in shaping societal attitudes.