Titelaufnahme

Titel
Testing / Annika B. Bergbauer (ifo Munich), Eric A. Hanushek (Hoover Institution, Stanford University, CESifo, NBER and IZA), Ludger Woessmann (University of Munich, ifo Munich, CESifo and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBergbauer, Annika Barbara ; Hanushek, Eric Alan ; Woessmann, Ludger
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, July 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (31, 5, 8 ungezählte, 3, 9 ungezählte Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11683
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-163609 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Testing [1.5 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

School systems regularly use student assessments for accountability purposes. But, as highlighted by our conceptual model, different configurations of assessment usage generate performance-conducive incentives of different strengths for different stakeholders in different school environments. We build a dataset of over 2 million students in 59 countries observed over 6 waves in the international PISA student achievement test 2000- 2015. Our empirical model exploits the country panel dimension to investigate reforms in assessment systems over time, where identification comes from taking out country and year fixed effects along with a rich set of student, school, and country measures. We find that the expansion of standardized external comparisons, both school-based and studentbased, is associated with improvements in student achievement. The effect of school-based comparison is stronger in countries with initially low performance. Similarly, standardized monitoring without external comparison has a positive effect in initially poorly performing countries. By contrast, the introduction of solely internal testing and internal teacher monitoring including inspectorates does not affect student achievement. Our findings point out the pitfalls of overly broad generalizations from specific country testing systems.

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