Titelaufnahme

Titel
Maternal mortality and women's political participation / Sonia Bhalotra (University of Essex and IZA), Damian Clarke (Universidad de Santiago de Chile), Joseph Gomes (University of Navarra), Atheendar Venkataramani (University of Pennsylvania) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBhalotra, Sonia R. ; Clarke, Damian ; Gomes, Joseph Flavian ; Venkataramani, Atheendar S.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, June 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (24, A23 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11590
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-160016 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Maternal mortality and women's political participation [0.61 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

Raising women's political participation leads to faster maternal mortality decline. We estimate that the introduction of quotas for women in parliament results in a 9 to 12% decline in maternal mortality. In terms of mechanisms, it also leads to an 8 to 11% increase in skilled birth attendance and a 6 to 11% increase in prenatal care utilization. We find reinforcing evidence from the period in which the United States experienced rapid declines in maternal mortality. The historical decline made feasible by the introduction of antibiotics was significantly greater in states that had longer exposure to women's suffrage.