Smartphone use and academic performance : correlation or causal relationship? / Stijn Baert (Ghent University, Research Foundation-Flanders, University of Antwerp, Université catholique de Louvain, IMISCOE and IZA), Sunčica Vujić (University of Antwerp and University of Bath), Simon Amez (Ghent University), Matteo Claeskens (Ghent University), Thomas Daman (University of Antwerp), Arno Maeckelberghe (Ghent University), Eddy Omey (Ghent University), Lieven De Marez (Ghent University and Imec) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBaert, Stijn ; Vujić, Sunčica ; Amez, Simon ; Claeskens, Matteo ; Daman, Thomas ; Maeckelberghe, Arno ; Omey, Eddy ; De Marez, Lieven
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (23 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11455
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Smartphone use and academic performance [0.75 mb]
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After a decade of correlational research, this study is the first to measure the causal impact of (general) smartphone use on educational performance. To this end, we merge survey data on general smartphone use, exogenous predictors of this use, and other drivers of academic success with the exam scores of first-year students at two Belgian universities. The resulting data are analysed with instrumental variable estimation techniques. A onestandard- deviation increase in daily smartphone use yields a decrease in average exam scores of about one point (out of 20). When relying on ordinary least squares estimations, the magnitude of this effect is substantially underestimated.