Diversity and conflict / Cemal Eren Arbatli (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow), Quamrul H. Ashraf (Williams College), Oded Galor (Brown University and IZA), Marc Klemp (University of Copenhagen) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserArbatli, Cemal Eren ; Ashraf, Quamrul H. ; Galor, Oded ; Klemp, Marc P. B.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (101 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11487
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Diversity and conflict [1.67 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek

This research advances the hypothesis and establishes empirically that interpersonal population diversity has contributed significantly to the emergence, prevalence, recurrence, and severity of intrasocietal conflicts. Exploiting an exogenous source of variations in population diversity across nations and ethnic groups, it demonstrates that population diversity, as determined predominantly during the exodus of humans from Africa tens of thousands of years ago, has contributed significantly to the risk and intensity of historical and contemporary internal conflicts, accounting for the confounding effects of geographical, institutional, and cultural characteristics, as well as for the level of economic development. These findings arguably reflect the adverse effect of population diversity on interpersonal trust, its contribution to divergence in preferences for public goods and redistributive policies, and its impact on the degree of fractionalization and polarization across ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups