A community based program promotes sanitation / María Laura Alzúa (CEDLAS-FCE-Universidad Nacional de la Plata, CONICET), Habiba Djebbari (Aix Marseille University (AMSE), EHESS, CNRS and IZA), Amy J. Pickering (Tufts University) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserAlzúa, María Laura ; Djebbari, Habiba ; Pickering, Amy J.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, March 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (52 Seiten) : Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11446
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
A community based program promotes sanitation [1.14 mb]
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Basic sanitation facilities are still lacking in large parts of the developing world, engendering serious environmental health risks. Interventions commonly deliver in-kind or cash subsidies to promote private toilet ownership. In this paper, we assess an intervention that provides information and behavioral incentives to encourage villagers in rural Mali to build and use basic latrines. Using an experimental research design and carefully measured indicators of use, we find a sizeable impact from this intervention: latrine ownership and use almost doubled in intervention villages, and open defecation was reduced by half. Our results partially attribute these effects to increased knowledge about cheap and locally available sanitation solutions. They are also associated with shifts in the social norm governing sanitation. Taken together, our findings, unlike previous evidence from other contexts, suggest that a progressive approach that starts with ending open defecation and targets whole communities at a time can help meet the new Sustainable Development Goal of ending open defecation.