Women's inheritance rights reform and the preference for sons in India / Sonia Bhalotra (University of Essex and IZA), Rachel Brulé (NYU Abu Dhabi), Sanchari Roy (King's College London) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBhalotra, Sonia R. ; Brulé, Rachel ; Roy, Sanchari
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, December 2017
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (32 Seiten, 24 ungezählte Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11239
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Women's inheritance rights reform and the preference for sons in India [0.83 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek

We investigate whether legislation of equal inheritance rights for women modifies the historic preference for sons in India, and find that it exacerbates it. Children born after the reform in families with a first-born daughter are 3.8-4.3 percentage points less likely to be girls, indicating that the reform encouraged female foeticide. We also find that the reform increased excess female infant mortality and son-biased fertility stopping. This suggests that the inheritance reform raised the costs of having daughters, consistent with which we document an increase in stated son preference in fertility post-reform. We conclude that this is a case where legal reform was frustrated by persistence of cultural norms. We provide some suggestive evidence of slowly changing patrilocality norms.