Returns to education and female participation nexus: evidence from India / Sanghamitra Kanjilal-Bhaduri (University of Calcutta), Francesco Pastore (University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserKanjilal-Bhaduri, Sanghamitra ; Pastore, Francesco
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, December 2017
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (29 ungezählte Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11209
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Returns to education and female participation nexus: evidence from India [0.62 mb]
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In this paper, we make an attempt to understand whether low labour market returns to education in India are responsible for low female work participation. The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) Employment Unemployment Survey (EUS) unit level data of India for the year 2011-12 is used to examine the relationship between educational attainment and labour market participation through gender lens. Results show that women's education has a U-shaped relationship with paid work participation. The probability to participate in the paid labour market shows an increasing trend with education levels higher than compulsory secondary schooling. The labour market returns to education are insignificant and low for lower levels of education. The returns increase significantly along with the increase in educational levels. However, females have a significant lower rate of return for each year of education as compared to men in rural and urban labour markets as well. Though it has been said that increase in female enrolment in schooling is one of the reasons of the recent declining phenomenon of female participation, but our study shows that the low returns to education is another reason for their less participation. The findings therefore suggest that, women need to be educated above secondary level to become visible in the labour market.