Titelaufnahme

Titel
Parental investments in early life and child outcomes: evidence from swedish parental leave rules / Rita Ginja (University of Bergen, UCLS and IZA), Jenny Jans (Uppsala University), Arizo Karimi (Uppsala University, UCLS and IFAU) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserGinja, Rita In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Jans, Jenny In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Karimi, Arizo In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, October 2017
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (46, 22 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11106
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-141930 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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 Das Dokument ist frei verfügbar.
Volltexte
Parental investments in early life and child outcomes: evidence from swedish parental leave rules [1.13 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

How do parental resources early in life affect children's health and schooling outcomes? We address this question by exploiting the so-called speed premium (SP) in the Swedish parental leave (PL) system. The SP grants mothers higher PL benefits for the subsequent child without the need to re-quality for benefits through pre-birth market work, if the two births occur within a pre-specified interval. The eligibility birth interval for this automatic renewal of PL benefits was set to 24 months in 1980-1985, and to 30 months since 1986. This allow us to use a Regression Discontinuity framework to study how additional parental time and monetary resources impacts both the existing and new childs educational and health outcomes. We find that maternal eligibility to the SP increases the 9th grade GPA, and the likelihood of college attendance of the first-born child, but it does not affect the secondborn. These impacts can be generalized for higher-order parities. The effects are prevalent primarily among children to high-income mothers. Impacts are driven by a combination of a persistent positive income shock, and substitution away from informal care to maternal time.