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Titel
Spatial differences in stunting and household agricultural production in South Africa : (re-)examining the links using national panel survey data / Steffen Otterbach (University of Hohenheim and IZA), Michael Rogan (ISER, Rhodes University) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserOtterbach, Steffen In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Rogan, Michael In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, September 2017
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (30 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11008
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-138682 Persistent Identifier (URN)
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist frei verfügbar.
Volltexte
Spatial differences in stunting and household agricultural production in South Africa [0.25 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

South Africa is one of only a handful of countries in which the prevalence of child stunting has increased over the period during which progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has been monitored. One explanation for this reversal is that Big Food retail chains have been contributing to a low quality diet across the country, particularly in poor urban households. To examine this claim, we use nationally representative longitudinal data (2008-2014) to trace 6 years of stunting's evolution among South African children and adolescents aged 0-19, with particular attention to how the prevalence of stunting differs between urban (14.9%) and rural (19.6%) areas and how the drivers of poor nutrition vary spatially. The results suggest that, conditional on household income, subsistence farming is associated with a lower probability of stunting. Even more important, although undernutrition retains a strong spatial component, once observable differences in living standards are controlled for, the higher tendency for children in deep rural households to suffer from (severe) stunting reverses.