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The economic burden of chronic diseases : estimates and projections for China, Japan and South Korea / David E. Bloom (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and IZA), Simiao Chen (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health), Michael Kuhn (Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU) and Vienna Institute of Demography), Mark E. McGovern (Queens University Belfast and UKCRC Centre of Excellence for Public Health), Les Oxley (The University of Waikato), Klaus Prettner (University of Hohenheim) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBloom, David E. In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Chen, Simiao In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Kuhn, Michael In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; McGovern, Mark E. In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Oxley, Les In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Prettner, Klaus In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, July 2017
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Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (30 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10896
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-136161 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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The economic burden of chronic diseases [0.53 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

We propose a novel framework to analyse the macroeconomic impact of non-communicable diseases. We incorporate measures of disease prevalence into a human capital augmented production function, which enables us to determine the economic costs of chronic health conditions in terms of foregone gross domestic product (GDP). Unlike previously adopted frameworks, this approach allows us to account for i) variations in human capital for workers in different age groups, ii) mortality and morbidity effects of non-communicable diseases, and iii) the treatment costs of diseases. We apply our methodology to China, Japan, and South Korea, and estimate the economic burden of chronic conditions in five domains (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, diabetes, and mental health conditions). Overall, total losses associated with these non-communicable diseases over the period 2010-2030 are $16 trillion for China (measured in real USD with the base year 2010), $5.7 trillion for Japan, and $1.5 trillion for South Korea. Our results also highlight the limits of cost-effectiveness analysis by identifying some intervention strategies to reduce disease prevalence in China that are cost beneficial and therefore a rational use of resources, though they are not cost-effective as judged by conventional thresholds.