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Women make houses, women make homes / Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel (Dalhousie University and IZA), Melanie Khamis (Wesleyan University and IZA), Mutlu Yuksel (Dalhousie University and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserAkbulut-Yuksel, Mevlude ; Khamis, Melanie ; Yuksel, Mutlu
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, June 2017
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1 Online-Ressource (53 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10830
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-126930 
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dp10830.pdf [1.14 mb]Women make houses, women make homes
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Zusammenfassung

This paper examines the persistent effects of historical labor market institutions and policies on women's long-term labor market outcomes. We quantify these enduring effects by exploring quasi-experimental variation in Germany's post-World War II mandatory reconstruction policy, which compelled women to work in the rubble removal and reconstruction process. Using difference-in-differences and instrumental variable approaches, we find that mandatory employment during the postwar era generated persistent adverse effects on women's long-term labor market outcomes. An increase in marriage and fertility rates in the postwar era and a physical and mental exhaustion associated with manual labor are some of the direct and indirect channels potentially explaining our results.