Titelaufnahme

Titel
Parental leave, (in)formal childcare and long-term child outcomes / Natalia Danzer (Ifo Institute; CESifo; IZA), Martin Halla (University of Innsbruck; IZA; CD-Lab Aging, Health and the Labor Market; GÖG, Vienna), Nicole Schneeweis (Johannes Kepler University Linz; IZA; CEPR; CD-Lab Aging, Health and the Labor Market), Martina Zweimüller (Johannes Kepler University Linz; CD-Lab Aging, Health and the Labor Market) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserDanzer, Natalia ; Halla, Martin ; Schneeweis, Nicole ; Zweimüller, Martina
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, May 2017
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (48, A.11 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10812
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-126186 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Parental leave, (in)formal childcare and long-term child outcomes [2.88 mb]
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Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung

We provide a novel interpretation of the estimated treatment effects from evaluations of parental leave reforms. Accounting for the counterfactual mode of care is crucial in the analysis of child outcomes and potential mediators. We evaluate a large and generous parental leave extension in Austria exploiting a sharp birthday cutoff-based discontinuity in the eligibility for extended parental leave and geographical variation in formal childcare. We find that estimated treatment effects on long-term child outcomes differ substantially according to the availability of formal childcare and the mother's counterfactual work behavior. We show that extending parental leave has significant positive effects on childrens health and human capital outcomes only if the reform induces a replacement of informal childcare with maternal care. We conclude that care provided by mothers (or formal institutions) is superior to informal care-arrangements.