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Economic conditions at birth and cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood : Evidence from new cohorts / Rob J.M. Alessie (University of Groningen and Netspar), Viola Angelini (University of Groningen and Netspar), Gerard J. van den Berg (University of Bristol, IFAU and IZA), Jochen O. Mierau (University of Groningen and Netspar), Laura Viluma (University of Groningen) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserAlessie, Rob ; Angelini, Viola ; Berg, Gerard J. van den ; Mierau, Jochen O. ; Viluma, Laura
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, May 2017
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1 Online-Ressource (21 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10810
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-126165 
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dp10810.pdf [0.47 mb]Economic conditions at birth and cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood
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Zusammenfassung

Most of the literature that exploits business cycle variation at birth to study long-run effects of economic conditions on health later in life is based on pre-1940 birth cohorts. They were born in times where social safety nets were largely absent and they grew up in societies with relatively low female labor force participation. We complement the evidence from this literature by exploiting post-1950 regional business cycle variations in the Netherlands to study effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in adulthood, by gender. We operationalize CVD risk by constructing the Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) index from an extensive set of biomarkers. The data are from a large cohort study covering socio-economic, biological and health data from over 75k individuals aged between 18 and 63. We conclude that women born in adverse economic conditions experience higher CVD risk.