The temporal stability of children's neighborhood experiences : a follow-up from birth to age 15 / Tom Kleinepier (Delft University of Technology), Maarten van Ham (Delft University of Technology and IZA) ; IZA, Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserKleinepier, Tom ; Ham, Maarten van
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2017
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (11 ungezählte Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10696
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
The temporal stability of children's neighborhood experiences [0.83 mb]
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Despite increasing attention being paid to the temporal dynamics of childhood disadvantage, childrens neighborhood characteristics are often measured at a single point in time. Whether such cross-sectional measures serve as reliable proxies for childrens long-run neighborhood conditions depends on the stability in childrens neighborhood experiences over time. We investigate the temporal stability in childrens neighborhood environment, focusing on two of the most commonly studied neighborhood characteristics: The ethnic composition and mean income of the neighborhood. Using Dutch population register data, we follow an entire cohort of children from birth up until age 15. We use year-toyear correlations in the percentage non-Western minorities and the mean income in the neighborhood to evaluate the temporal stability of childrens neighborhood experiences. Childrens neighborhood characteristics were found to be more stable over time with regard to ethnic composition than with regard to income. Children who had moved at least once were found to have lower stability in neighborhood characteristics than children who never moved. Finally, neighborhood experiences were found to be more stable over time for ethnic minorities than for the native Dutch, although differences were small with regard to income. Single point-in-time measurements of neighborhood characteristics are reasonable proxies for the long-run ethnic composition of childrens neighborhood environment, but rather noisy proxies for the long-run income status of their neighborhood, particularly for those who moved.