Can gender differences in distributional preferences explain gender gaps in competition? / Subha Mani (Fordham University, University of Pennsylvania and IZA), Utteeyo Dasgupta (Fordham University), Smriti Sharma (UNU WIDER), Saurabh Singhal (UNU WIDER) ; IZA, Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserMani, Subha ; Dasgupta, Utteeyo ; Sharma, Smriti ; Singhal, Saurabh
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, March 2017
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (23 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10627
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Can gender differences in distributional preferences explain gender gaps in competition? [0.86 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek

We design an experiment to examine whether egalitarian preferences, and in particular, behindness aversion as well as preference for favorable inequality affect competitive choices differently among males and females. We find that selection into competitive environments is: (a) negatively related to egalitarian preferences, with smaller negative impacts of being egalitarian on females' choice of the tournament wage scheme, and (b) negatively associated with behindness aversion and positively related to preference for favorable inequality, with significant gender differences in the impact of these distributional preferences. Once we allow for the impact of distributional preferences, behavioral, personality, and socioeconomic characteristics to vary by gender, the pure gender effect is explained away. We find that gender gaps in distributional preferences along with selected personality traits are the most relevant explanations for gender differences in willingness to compete. This is an important result as these characteristics are per se malleable and amenable to policy interventions.