Titelaufnahme

Titel
Social security expansion and neighborhood cohesion : evidence from community-living older adults in China / Elizabeth Bradley (Vassar College), Xi Chen (Yale University and IZA), Gaojie Tang (Jinan University) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBradley, Elizabeth H. ; Chen, Xi ; Tang, Gaojie
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, December 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (16, 13 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12815
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-206439 
Zugänglichkeit
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Social security expansion and neighborhood cohesion [0.73 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

Grants and services provided by the government may crowd out informal arrangements, thus weakening informal caring relations and networks. In this paper, we examine the impact of social security expansion on neighborhood cohesion of elders using China's New Rural Pension Scheme (NRPS), one of the largest existing pension program in the world. Since its launch in 2009, more than 400 million Chinese have enrolled in NRPS. We use two waves of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) to examine the effect of pension receipt on two dimensions of neighborhood cohesion among older adults, i.e. participation in collective recreational activities (e.g., socializing and organizational activities) and altruistic activities (e.g., helping those in need in the community), and the frequencies of these activities. Employing an instrumental variable approach, our empirical strategy addresses the endogeneity of pension receipt via exploiting geographic variation in pension program roll-out. We find evidence that receiving pension only slightly reduces collective recreational activities while significantly crowding out altruistic activities in the communities.