Titelaufnahme

Titel
Free education helps combat child labor? The effect of a free compulsory education reform in rural China / Can Tang (Shanghai University of International Business and Economics), Liqiu Zhao (Renmin University of China), Zhong Zhao (Renmin University of China and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserTang, Can ; Zhao, Liqiu ; Zhao, Zhong
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, May 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (40 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12374
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-192505 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Free education helps combat child labor? The effect of a free compulsory education reform in rural China [0.86 mb]
Links
Nachweis
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

This paper evaluates the effect of a free compulsory education reform in rural China on the incidence of child labor. We exploit the cross-province variation in the roll-out of the reform and apply a difference-in-differences strategy to identify the causal effects of the reform. We find that the exposure to the free compulsory education significantly reduces the incidence of child labor for boys, but has no significant effect on the likelihood of child labor for girls. Specifically, one additional semester of free compulsory education decreases the incidence of child labor for boys by 8.3 percentage points. Moreover, the negative effect of the reform on the likelihood of child labor is stronger for boys from households with lower socioeconomic status. Finally, the free compulsory education reform may induce parents to reallocate resources towards boys within a household and thus may enlarge the gender gap in human capital investment.