Titelaufnahme

Titel
Workers in the crowd: the labour market impact of the online platform economy / Michele Cantarella (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and European Central Bank), Chiara Strozzi (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserCantarella, Michele ; Strozzi, Chiara
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, May 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (43 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12327
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-190833 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Workers in the crowd: the labour market impact of the online platform economy [0.6 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

In this paper, we compare wages and labor market conditions of individuals engaged in online platform work and in traditional occupations by exploiting individual-level survey data on crowdworkers belonging to the largest micro-task marketplaces, focusing on evidence from the United States and Europe. To match similar individuals, survey responses of crowdworkers from the US and EU have been harmonised with the American Working Conditions Survey (AWCS) and the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS). Our findings indicate that traditional workers retain a significant premium in their earnings with respect to online platform workers, and that those differences are not affected by the observed and unobserved ability of individuals. This holds true also taking into account similar levels of routine intensity and abstractness in their jobs, as well as the time spent working. Moreover, labour force in crowdworking arrangements appears to suffer from high levels of under-utilisation, with crowdworkers being more likely to be left wanting for more work than comparable individuals.