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Titel
Gender identity and wives' labor market outcomes in West and East Germany between 1984 and 2016 / Maximilian Sprengholz (DIW Berlin), Anna Wieber (DIW Berlin), Elke Holst (DIW Berlin, University of Flensburg and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserSprengholz, Maximilian ; Wieber, Anna ; Holst, Elke
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2019
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (26 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12284
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-187454 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Gender identity and wives' labor market outcomes in West and East Germany between 1984 and 2016 [0.87 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

We exploit the natural experiment of German reunification in 1990 to investigate if the institutional regimes of the formerly socialist (rather gender-equal) East Germany and the capitalist (rather gender-traditional) West Germany shaped different gender identity prescriptions of family breadwinning. We use data for three periods between 1984 and 2016 from the representative German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Density discontinuity tests and fixed-effects regressions suggest that married couples in West (but not East) Germany diminished the wife's labor market outcomes in order to avoid situations where she would earn more than him. However, the significance of the male breadwinner prescription seems to decline in West Germany since reunification, converging to the more gender-egalitarian East Germany. Our work emphasizes the view that political and institutional frameworks can shape fairly persistent gender identity prescriptions that influence house-hold economic decisions for some time, even when these frameworks change.