Immigrant entrepreneurs and innovation in the U.S. high-tech sector / J. David Brown (U.S. Census Bureau and IZA), John S. Earle (George Mason University and IZA), Mee Jung Kim (U.S. Census Bureau and George Mason University), Kyung Min Lee (George Mason University) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBrown, J. David ; Earle, John S. ; Kim, Mee Jung ; Lee, Kyung Min
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, February 2019
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (34 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 12190
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Immigrant entrepreneurs and innovation in the U.S. high-tech sector [0.82 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

We estimate differences in innovation behavior between foreign versus U.S.-born entrepreneurs in high-tech industries. Our data come from the Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs, a random sample of firms with detailed information on owner characteristics and innovation activities. We find uniformly higher rates of innovation in immigrant-owned firms for 15 of 16 different innovation measures; the only exception is for copyright/trademark. The immigrant advantage holds for older firms as well as for recent start-ups and for every level of the entrepreneur's education. The size of the estimated immigrantnative differences in product and process innovation activities rises with detailed controls for demographic and human capital characteristics but falls for R&D and patenting. Controlling for finance, motivations, and industry reduces all coefficients, but for most measures and specifications immigrants are estimated to have a sizable advantage in innovation.