Relative age effect on European adolescents' social network / Luca Fumarco (STATEC Research), Stijn Baert (Ghent University and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserFumarco, Luca ; Baert, Stijn
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, November 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (51 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11972
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Relative age effect on European adolescents' social network [0.84 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

We contribute to the literature on relative age effects on pupils' (non-cognitive) skills formation by studying students' social network. We investigate data on European adolescents from the Health Behaviour in School Aged Children survey and use an instrumental variables approach to account for endogeneity of relative age while controlling for confounders, namely absolute age, season-of-birth, and family socio-economic status. We find robust evidence that suggests the existence of a substitution effect: the youngest students within a class e-communicate more frequently than relatively older classmates but have fewer friends and meet with them less frequently.