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Titel
Labor market and institutional drivers of youth irregular migration: evidence from the MENA aegion / Ghassan Dibeh (Lebanese American University), Ali Fakih (Lebanese American University, IZA, CIRANO and ERF), Walid Marrouch (Lebanese American University and CIRANO) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserDibeh, Ghassan In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Fakih, Ali In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Marrouch, Walid In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, October 2018
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Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (25 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11903
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-170124 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Labor market and institutional drivers of youth irregular migration: evidence from the MENA aegion [0.26 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Irregular migration became an alarming issue over the last decade for both developed and developing countries. A prevailing assumption in migration policy is that labor market and institutional characteristics play a crucial role in pushing people to leave their home countries in search for better life prospects. This paper examines this hypothesis using a unique dataset covering young people aged 15 to 29 from five major MENA countries from the year 2016. Using a probit model, the paper finds that labor market drivers (unemployment, job sector, social security, contract type) are of great importance for the decision to migrate irregularly amongst the youth in the MENA region and that the quality of institutions matters. In addition, the lack of wealth and economic opportunities enhance their willingness to engage in irregular migration.