The impact of low-skill refugees on youth education / Semih Tumen (TED University, IZA and ERF) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserTumen, Semih
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, October 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (44 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11869
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
The impact of low-skill refugees on youth education [5.97 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

This paper examines the impact of Syrian refugees on high school enrollment rates of native youth in Turkey. Syrian refugees are, on average, less skilled and more willing to work in low-pay informal jobs than Turkish natives. Refugees can influence native youths school enrollment likelihood negatively through educational experience. But, at the same time, they can affect enrollment rates positively as they escalate competition for jobs with lowskill requirements. Using micro data from 2006 to 2016 and employing quasi-experimental methods, I find that high-school enrollment rates increased 2.7-3.6 percentage points among native youth in refugee-receiving regions. Furthermore, a one-percentage point increase in the refugee-to-population ratio in a region generates around 0.4 percentage point increase in natives high school enrollment rates. Most of the increase in high school enrollment comes from young males with lower parental backgrounds, which is consistent with the hypothesis that the main mechanism operates through the low-skill labor market. The regressions control for (i) variables proxying parental investment in human capital such as parental education, being in an intact family, and household size, (ii) regional economic activity, and (iii) regional availability of high schools and high school teachers.