Titelaufnahme

Titel
Fertility and labor market responses to reductions in mortality / Sonia Bhalotra (University of Essex and IZA), Atheendar Venkataramani (University of Pennsylvania), Selma Walther (University of Warwick) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBhalotra, Sonia R. ; Venkataramani, Atheendar S. ; Walther, Selma
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, July 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (118 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11716
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-163939 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Fertility and labor market responses to reductions in mortality [1.13 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

We investigate womens fertility, labor and marriage market responses to large declines in child and maternal mortality that occurred following a major medical innovation in the US. In response to the decline in child mortality, women delayed childbearing and had fewer children overall. Fewer women had three or more children, and a larger share remained childless. We present a new theory of the extensive margin response, premised upon improvements in child survival reducing the time women need to achieve their target number of children. This prompts fertility delay and labor market entry which, coupled with wage or fecundity shocks, can result in childlessness. Consistent with these predictions, we find that reductions in child mortality increased womens labor force participation, improved their occupational status and reduced their chances of ever having married. Maternal mortality decline had opposing effects on all of these outcomes.