Titelaufnahme

Titel
Who benefits from universal child care? : estimating marginal returns to early child care attendance / Thomas Cornelissen (University of York, CReAM and IZA), Christian Dustmann (University College London and CReAM), Anna Raute (Queen Mary University of London), Uta Schönberg (University College London, CReAM, IAB and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserCornelißen, Thomas ; Dustmann, Christian ; Raute, Anna ; Schönberg, Uta
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, July 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (44, 7, 9, 4 ungezählte Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11688
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-163659 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Who benefits from universal child care? [1.05 mb]
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Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

In this paper, we examine the heterogeneous treatment effects of a universal child care (preschool) program in Germany by exploiting the exogenous variation in attendance caused by a reform that led to a large staggered expansion across municipalities. Drawing on novel administrative data from the full population of compulsory school entry examinations, we find that children with lower (observed and unobserved) gains are more likely to select into child care than children with higher gains. This pattern of reverse selection on gains is driven by unobserved family background characteristics: children from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to attend child care than children from advantaged backgrounds but have larger treatment effects because of their worse outcome when not enrolled in child care.